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波音手机版下载,2015Themeetingonthepilotworkofbuildingnationalhigh-endthinktankswasconvenedonDec1,2015,ewtypeofthinktankswithChinesecharacteristics,andinexploringthenewwaysforinstitutionsandmechanisms,ativeofbuildingnationalhigh-endthinktanks,,theLeadingGroupofComprehensivelyDeepeningReformoftheCPCCentralCommitteereviewedandapp“areurgentlyneededinChina,havedistinctcharacteristicsandinnovativesystem,andcanleaddevelopment”.Italsocallsforstandardizedpolicy-makingstudy,researchresulttransformation,cceleratinggovernancesystemmodernizationandadvancingscientific,(DRCforshorthereafter)ithChineseCharacteristicsissuedjointlybytheGeneralOfficeoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilinJan2015explicitlystatedtosupportDRCandotheriktanks,bytakingopportunities,DRCfocusesonperfectingtheorganizationalformsandmanagementmethods,,andbetterservesthePartyandthecountrysoastoprovideintelligencesupporttmentofDecision-MakingServiceCapabilityServingdirectlythedecision-makingoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncil,nationalhigh-endthinktanksprovideimportantsuggestionsandassistanceforourPartytoexploretherulesofgovernanceandadministration,plangoverningstrategies,,DRCshouldfocusonChina’oprovideconstructiverecommendationsandadviceforChina’,DRCcombinestheresearchonmajorstrategicissuesinthem,DRCworkshar,vigorousresearch,innovativespiritandintegrity,DRChasactivelyconductedresearchontheoverall,comprehensive,strategicandlong-standingissuesconcerningmajordirectionsandmeasuresinChina’seconomicreform,011to2014,and17projectsin2015,ntralCommittee,,DRChasundertaken10researchprojectsofmajorreformissuesgivenbytheLeadingGroupofComprehensivelyDeepeningReformoftheCPCCentralCommittee,supportingdecision-making,,DRCsubmitted,thesereportsunent,whichplayedanimportantroleinprovidingconsultancyservicet,DRChasconducted7specialinterpretationsessionsonmajorissueslike“theeconomicnewnormal”.Theseresearchpa,over560pathecountrybybuildingahigh-level,wide-raishtheinternationaldevelopmentknowledgecenter,joiningOECDDevelopmentCenteronhalfoftheChinesegovernment,sponsoring“SilkRoadInternationalForum”twicesuccessfullyoverseas,andinitiatingtheset-upof“SilkRoadThinkTankNetwork”.Atotalnumberof14newandongoingmajormulti-lateralmsThepilotworkofbuildingnificdecisionunderthen,managementmethodsforthenewtypeChinese-stylethinktanks,,Wehavedonealotofworkininnovatinganewresearchmanagementsystembycomprehensivelypromotinginstitutionalized,,andestablishingthequick-responsemechanismfort,emphasizetheimportanceoftrairmance,encouragingyoungresearcherstoparticipateinmajorresearchprojectsandpublishtheirresearchresultssoas,wehavepooledeffectivelyallsortsofthinktanks,includinginternationalthinktanks,toparticipateinconsultancyandresearchofdecisionmaking.YuBin,ChenHuai,ZhangLiqunExpandingdomesticdemandisanimportantmeasuretoalleviatethecurrenteconomicdifficultiesaswellasastrategicchna,seconomicdevelopmentThestructuralover-capacityandtheinadequatedem,thetotalvolumeoftotalconsumergoodsretailsalesandthein,urbanandruralhouseholdsdepositbalancehasfurthergrown,andthegapbetweenthebanks,Chinasexportshavealsodeclinedwhileimportshavegrowndrastically,,thecountryscommodityretailsalepricesandthehouseholdsconsumptionpriceindexhgmoreandmoredifficultiesinoperation,,whichhaveseensomeinitialeffect,ofindustrialization,rmationandthechangesoftheexternaleconomicenvironment,therootcause,in,,theformer,,’livingconditionshavebecomefairlywell-off,buttheproductionstructurehasnotbeenupgradedintime,,dis-(MPC)ofthehigh-incomestratumisfairlylowwhilethepotentialdemandofthelow-incomestratumc,dis-coor–techgoodshasledtoovercapacityinordinar,thestockresourcescanbehardlytraded,,dis-coordinationbetweenforeititiveagainstforeignrivals,,,thelowebboftheeconomiccycle,theincreaseofunemploymentandtheimperfectionofthesocialsecuritysystem--allthesehaveintensifiedthehouseholdsexpectationofincomeslowing-downandexpenditureincrease,,theabove-mentionedproblemsareallrelateintofthesupplysidetothatofthedemandside,expandingdemand,especiallydomesticdemand,hasbecomeabasicproceedingpointforChinaply,whichisanimpo,opening-upisbehindthegreatachievementsofthecountryicandforeignmarketsandthetwokindsofresourcesarethei,eco,exceptafewsmallcountrieswithuniqueconditions,havemaintainedtheireckeystomaintainingasustainable,n,iletheincreaseo,prospectsforexpansionarebright,ationandthemid-andlong-termdevelopmenttrend,Chinasexpansionofinvestmentdemandcountsonthefollowingaspects:,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,,inves,thegrowthofinvestmentdem,themineshutdownsinthecoalindustryandtheoutputlimitationintheironandsteelindustryaregovernmentalcompulsoryshrinkagemeasuresinthelightoftheirhigh-cost,low-techandunmarketableproducts,thenitisthemarketforcethathasbeenpushingforwardtherapiddevelopmentofcomputers,networks,,dte,’sentryintoWTO,w,entstrategy,weshoulddevelopresource-savingand“clean”,,basiccomponentsandbasicmaterials,thatis,weshouldtrytoimproveourowncapacityonthebaseofabsorbinganddigestingfor,,cars,tourism,entertainmentandothernewtypesofconsumptionaswellasinsurance,educationandinformationservices,willbecomenewhotspotsforinvestment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

CuiXiaoliResearchReportNo95,2000China’spolicyforgrainsecurityisdesignedasonesetofoperationmechanismwithdualobjectives:ontheonehand,thegovernmenttriestostabilizegrains,thegovernmenthastointervenecomprehensivelyinthepurchase,marketing,“two-in-one”wayindealingwiththegrainproblemcandirectlyguaranteetheincomeofthegraingrowe,,marketing,allocationandstorageofgrainrepresenthighlydispersedbusinessactivitiesinspace,time,organizationandhumanpowerandcallformassivesupportinfund,nedsystem,whichwastotallyclosed,intheperiodofplannedpurchaseandmarketing,whichmeantthatnobodyenjoyedindependenceingrainproduction,,thecoreissueofthereformintheareaofgrainwashowtoensuretheeffectivenessofgrainpurchase,marketing,allocationandstoragewhileca,thegovernmentca,itwillencountertheproblemsofheavyfinancialburdens,exp,itmaynotbeapermanentsolutionforalongtimetoprotectagricultureandtheinterestsoffarmers,Chinai,wemissedduringtheplannedeconomyperiodthebesttimefordevelopinglabor-intensiveindustries,soChinamusttakeintofullconsiderationtheproblemofcostinitsindustrializationprocessatthepresenthigh-techtimewhencapital-inten,theissueiswhetherthepolicyofdualobjectiveswithonesetofmechaation,intrinsicrationalityshouldexistintheeffortofbindingthepolicyofgrainode:the“two-in-one”mannercanoperatewhenthegovernmentpoliticallyoverpricestheobjectiveofthefarmers’onditionsoftheformerhavechanged,therefore,turn“combiningtwointoone”into“dividingoneintotwo”.Grainsecurityhasremainedaproblemsinceancienttimesjustasthesayingthat“foodisthefirstnecessityofthepeople”.Recordsinancientdocumentssuchas“callforparticipationinagriculture”,“cherishgrain”,“payattentiontopeasants”,“storageofgrain”,“fairstandard”,“neglectofpolitics”,“permanentbalanceofprice”and“containstorageofgrain”,allrepres,hencetheexpression“storegraineverywhere”.,reachingabout33percent,thusthesaying“onethirdoftheyieldissurplusgrainforreserve”.Ofcourse,,the“fairstandard”systemofthet,,’straditionalagricultu,itsimpactontheeconomicstructureintheurban-ruralrelationshipwouldnotbeverygreat,’shistoryandeventothemoderntimes,thegrowthofthetotalgrainoutputhasalwaysbeenassociatedwiththelevelofthepopulationgrowth....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

ChenXiwenResearchReportNo9,2000Duetothecorrectruralpolicyandincreaseinagriculturalinputandpromotionoftechnologicalprogressinagriculture,thegrainoutputhasrertyofChina(CPC)madethejudgementthat"thereisanoverallbalanceandasurplusinabundantyears",goodharvestsofgrainhavefstategraindepartmentsnationwideandthepercapitaamountofgrainkeptinthehandsoffarmershadhit1,lihoodofthefarmersthemselves,t,thetotalamou,thegrainsurplusofthewholecountry,excludingtheamountoftheautumngraincropsof1999,isabout1,000billionjin,nofgrainsupplyanddemandandtoconsiderwhatstrategiestobeado,particularlyin1993whenthecentralgovernmentenhancedmacro-regulationoftheeconomy,grainproductionhasindeedbeenstrengtheibutedtothefollowingthreemainaspects:First,4and1996,respectively,ersinincreasinggrainproduction,,,,,,%.Thirdly,,(intermsofactualtonnageofusedchemicalfertilizers,similarlyhereinafter).From1995to1998,,%,progressinagriculturalte,greatprogresshasbeenmadeintheintroductionofunifiedsupplyoffineseedstrains,theusageofmulchingfilms,intercroppingandinterplanting,protectedagriculture,water-conservingfarming,dry-landfarmingandagriculturalmachineryoperations,,%.%over1992,,honestlyspeaking,nomajornaturaldisasterswithanoveral,SonghuajiangRiverareaandNenjiangRiverin1998,droughtsstillremaintheprimarythreattoChina’,whichcausedaconsiderablereductionofautumngraincropsin1997and1999,,whiletheoutputo’,Chhecombatagainstfloodinginriversandlakes,,theannualgrainproductioncapacityhadapproached1,000billionjin().Nonetheless,suchaproductioncapabilityhasnotbeentestedunderconditionsofsevereandcontinualnaturaldisasterswithoveralladverseimpacts,,obviouschangeshavetakenpl:First,theconsumingbehaviorsofcitizens,particularlythoseofurbanresidents,my,changeshavealsoemergedintheconsumingbehaviorsofcitizens,%,%between1996and1998,%in1998,,%tedthegrowthrateofresidents’%between1996and1998,,visiblechangeshavealsotakenplaceinresidents’,,residents’savingswentupby2,(2,)’%,therewasanaturalslowdowninthegrowthofresidents’consumption,particularlythatofurbanresidents,,,meats,,,,theslideinresidents’spendingonfood,whichcamealongwithadropinpriceindex,,thegrowthofdemandhasobvio,andtheirdemandforfoodhassh%in1998,%,%,,,%and14%over1990,,thedemandofurbanresidentsforpoultry,eggsandaquaticproductscontinuedtogrow,whichindicatedthattheincreasingdemandofurbanresidentsforanimalproductsinthefuturewillshiftmoretopoultry,(mainlyfeedgrains)byurbanresidentswillslowdown....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,HeYupengJinSanlin,ResearchTeamon"OverallPolicyOptionsforImprovingandInnovatingFloatingPopulationsManagementandServiceintheProcessofUrbanization",ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo86,2013(Total4335)Populationwilltransferfromagriculturalsectorto,urbanizationandmodernization,anditalsochar,,whichhasneverbeenseeninanyothercountriesintheworldintermsofitshighspeed,largescale,velopment,nagementforfloatingpopulationtograduallysettlethemdowninurbanorruralareas,soastobuilda,wemustadoptamacroscopicthinking,aforward-lookingvisionandsystematicmethodstoconductthetop-level-basedsystemdesignatthenationallevel. sManagementandServicePolicyFastgrowingfloatingpopulationhasbroughtmorevigorandvitalitytothewholesocietya,animportantsourceforChinatoseforChinaonofthedualurban-ruraleconomicstructur,anditwillhaveanoverall,strategicandhistoricinfluenceonChinaedistributionisconducivetoimprovinglandresourceallocationbyreducingtheruralpopulation,enhancingfarmerscomparativebenefitsandrealizingbalancedurban-ruraldevelopmentandsynchronousprogressofthe"fourmodernization",andhelpingtobuildastableandhigh-qualityteamofindustrialworkersandthevastmiddleclassincitiesandimprovingthestructureofincomedistributionandpeoplesconsumptionlevel,sothatChinawillbedevelopedintoanationwithhigh-incomeandfeaturedbymodernization,,sucheffortscanguaranteeandimprovethelivelihoodofhundredsofmillionsofpeople,consolidatethePartysrrovingandstrengtheningthemanagementandserviceforfloatingpopulationintheprocessofbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwayandachievingmodernizationandaddressthisiationTheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilpayhighattentiontothemanagementandservicetowardsfloatingpopulationandhavemademajordecisionsandarrangements,sothatcompetentd,themanagementandserv,morestablelifeandbettereducation,thefloatingpopulationnowhasquitedifferentdesiresandappeals,posingagreateivesinsufficienteffectiveservicefromthepublicemploymentagencies,andha"majorrolebypublicschoolsandthegovernmentofthereceivinglocality"forthecompulsoryeducationformigrants%ofchildrenofmigrantruralworkersgotoprivateschoolsorschoolsformigrants"difficultyandhighcostformedicalservice"causedbypoorplanofmedicalinsurancesystemanddifficultsettlementservicefor,itisstillseriothserviceandfamilyplanningservice,,thefloatingpopulationisdeniedminimumlivingallowanceandothersocialwelfareservicesinthecitieswhoatingpopulationisincompleteandmigrantshaveapoorculturallife.  srightsandinterestsremainsprominentinsomeaspectsThefloatingpopulation,mainlymigrantruralworkers,,mainlymigrantruralworkersarecontractedinirregularlabordirenotwellprotected,forcedtransferencesofland-userightsoftenoccurfromtimetotime.  usedbyorganizations,activitiesandmanagementinthecommunitieswheretheyworkandlive,floatingpotingpopulationaretooweaktobeeffective.永利博正式官网EnergyissueisofstrategicimportanceaffectingChinasoveralleconomicandsociald,DRChasundertakenamajorresearchprojectonthestrategiesforChinasmid-andlong-termenergydevelopmentwiththeinvolvementofover70expertsfromrelevantChfanddemandforenergy;objectives,principles,androadmapofChinasfutureenergydevelopment;thecontroversialenergytechnologiessuchascoalchemical,nuclearpower,andelectricvehicles;keyenergyconsumingareassuchasurbanizationandtransport;,utionandSignificantChangesAreTakingPlaceinEnergyTechnology,,riodfeaturedbymulti-pointbreakthroughs,,renewableenergy,,electriccarsanndstorage(CCS)esbasedontheirresourceendowment,andwillproduceaprofoundimpactonstructureofenergysupply,modeofproductionandutilization,industrialorganizationandregionalstructure,,sign"peakoiltheory",thenewlyincreasedoildemandofChinaanityinvolvingthetraditionaloilproducingareas,,icaenergyindependent,,theUnitedStatesismoretoughandradicalinpushingthedemocratizationprocessintheMiddleEastdisregardingtheconstraintofoilissue,ngestoChinathatisthumbingaliftofinternationalenergytransitsecurity,makingitexposedtothegeo-politicalrisksinitssurroundingareas,,withthedecliningshareofitsnaturalgasinEurope,RussiahastoexportitsnaturalgastoEastAsia,cau,theglobalenergydemandisboundtogrowcontinuouslyand,eventhoughtheworldhasmadetremendouseffortstopushforwardgreentransformation,,%%,theenergydemandincrementsofChinaandIndiawouldtakeup33%and29%respectivelyoftheworld,althoughthedevelopmentofunconventionaloilandgasinNorthAmericahasimprovedtheregionalenergysupplytosomeextent,withcountriesinSouthAsia,ASEANandMiddleEaststeppinguptheirindustrializationprocess,,the,astheChineseeconomyisshiftingfromitshighgrowthtothemid-high,,ifcorrectenergystrategiesandpolicieswereadopted,economicrestructuringandindustrialupgradingwereacceleratedwhilelowcarbontransportationandgreenbuildingsweredeveloped,theenergydemandwouldbecontrolledataround5billiontonsa,China%annually,%intheperiodof2020-2030,%,Chinasenergyself-sufficiencyhasgenerallymaintainedatafairlyhighlevel,butthedependenceonoilandnaturalgasimporthaskeptclimbingwhiletheenvironmentalpressuresste,Chinasoilco,thedependenceonoilimportwouldreacharound75%by2030andthatofnaturalgaswouldalsorisespeedily,leadingtoseverechallengestoChinaalpressures,,itwouldposemajorchallengestoChinassocioeconomicdevelopment,,,NOX,,theemissionintensitywerenotcutandthecurrenttrendwerenotcontained,,GreenandHighlyEfficiaseffortstoacceleratethetransformationofitseconomicdevelopmentmode,Chinasenergystrategyshouldfocusonpromotingthetransformationofthemodeofenergydevelopmentinordertoestablishasafe,greenandhighlyefficientenergysysteminitiallyby2020,thefollowingsixareas:ensuringenergysecurity,prioritizingenergyconservation,optimizingenergystructure,targetinglowemissions,,whilestressingtherelianceondomesticresources,thedevelopmentofnewenergyandnaturalgaizethedomesticproduction,andc,ucetherelianceonoilimportfromtheMideastandthatonoilshippingthroughMalaccaStrait,iesshouldbeencouragedtoinvestinChinafocusingonthemid-and-downstreambusinesses,whileChineseenterprisesshouldbeencouragedtoinvestov,thecapabilitiminvolvingnationalbusinesse,perationsofpowersystemanditsshippingroutesensured.

波音手机版下载信誉:多国民众寒冬迎"无裤日"

广东会投注官网波音手机版下载ByLvWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo136,2014(Total4635)The18thCPCNaation-drivendevelopmentisthetransformationofdevelopmentmotivationinnatureanditurgentlyrequir"perfectingthemarket-orientedmechanismfortechnicalinnovationandgivingplaytotheguidingroleofmarketinRDdirection,routeselection,elementpriceandallocationofvariousinnovationelements".Inthemarketeconomy,thegovernmentcanworkonmarketmechanesourcestoInnovationHerearesomecasesabouthowthegovernmentofmarketeconomycountriesinfluencingthemarketmechani:RelaxingpricecontrolintargetedfieldsandreducingandexemptingtaxestopromotetechnicalprogressinshalegasexplorationanddevelopmentintheUnitedStatesAttheendoftheworldoilcrisisinthe1970s,theUSgovernmentkeptthedomesticnaturalgaspriceundercontrol,cripplingtheinitiativeofnaturalglsupplyshortage,theUSgovernmentpromulgatedseverallaw,itpromulgatedtheNaturalGasPolicyActin1978toabolishthecontrolovernaturalgaspricea,itenactedtheCrudeOilWindfallProfitTaxActtoinitiatelong-termtaxreductionandexemptionforunconventionalenergydevelopmentandtheunconventionalgasdrilledfrom1980to19,thegovernmentexpandedthescopeoftaxreductionandexemptionforunconventionalenergythroughseveralroundsofralgas,boostedtheinitiativeofUSenergyenterprisesindevelopingthegas,droveenterprisestomakecontinuousinno,break,shalegasoutputoftheUnitedStateshaskeptrisingbyover60%,includingsomemagnatessuchasShellandExxonM:Adoptingpoliciesincludingfeed-intariffanddegressivefixedfeed-intarifftoencouragePVpowergenerationandpromotePVtechnologicaladvancementinGermanyIn1991,GermanypassedtheElectricityFeedLaw,clarifyingthethreeprinciplesforPVpowergeneration:compulsivegridconnection,thatpowergrid%yearbyyearandthedifferencebetweensolarfeed-int/kWh,generationwithrenewableenergy,butalsoensuredstableandreasonableinvestment,respectively,theGer,increasedtheannualtariffdecreasemargin,adopteddifferenttariffsfordifferentformsofsolarpowe,/,butalsopromotedmanufacturersofPVpowergenerati/kWin2006toUSD1/:RegularlyadjustingemissionstandardstopromoteprogressinenergyconservationandemissionreductionoftheautoindustryinEuropeEUcountriesadoptthesameexhaustemissionstandardforcarsⅠemissionstandards,EUROⅡ,EUROⅢ,EUROⅣandEUROⅤwereputintoeffectin1992,1996,2000,,EUpassedanotheract,requiringaveragecarbondioxideemissionfor95%ofthenewcarssoldwithinEUbelow95g/,autocompanieshavetomakemassiveinvestmentintechnologicalprogress,reducepollutionandcostbyimprovingcarstructurean:FormulatingstandardsandtimetablefortechnicalupgradingtopromotetechnologyapplicationandindustrialdevelopmentofdigitaltelevisionintheUnitedStatesTopromotethedevelopmentoftheinformationsuperhighway,in1992,theClintonadministrationregardeddigitaltelevisionwithrosymarke,itpassedtheTelecommunicationsActof1996andidentifiedtheti(FCC)wasresponsibleformakingrelatedplans,publicizingthetimetableofreplacingtheanalogTVsystemwithdigitalTVsystem,fundingplansandprojectsonchannelinstallationandallocation,formulatingpreferentialpoliciesforTVstations,manufacturersandusers,offeringrelatedpartiesaperiodoftimetoprepareforthetechnical,thefederalgovernmentformulatedsupportivepoliciessuchasrelaxingaccesscontrol,grantingfinancialsupportanddevelopingtheTVcontentindustrytorestrictmonopoly,(DTV)wasfirstusedinNovember1998andbyJune2009,theUnitedStateshadclosedtransmissionofallanalogtsnottruethatthegovernmentcandonothingtoallowthemarkettoplayitsroleinallocationofinnovationresources;instead,itcanguideallocationbyadjustin,inenvironmentalprotection,energysafetyandsomeotherfieldsunderstrongexternalinfluence,themarketmechanismwonlizetheexternalcostandbenefitbeforethemarketplaysitsguidingroletochannelmoresocialsourcestowardsinnovation.ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo178,2013(Total4427)Inrecentyears,themonetaryfinancehassplitapartfromtherealeconomyinChina,thusdramantothefieldswithlowoutputefficiency,suchasinfrastructure,sourcelonger,fectonthecapitalmarket,whicharerelatedtorelevantsystemsandmechanismsontherealeconomylevel,thedeficiencyofthetransformationandsupervisionofthefinancialsystem,,themonetaryfinanceandtherealeconomyhasbeensplitfartherandfartherapart,resultinginmoreandmoremonetaryfinanceinput,yeteswithlowoutputefficiencysuchasinfrastructure,realestateandovercapacity,,whichisnotmainlyduetotheguidanceofChina,furtherexacerbatingtheseparationofChinaspresentmonetaryfinancefromthecountry,obviousdistortionhasshowuponChinascapitalmarket,sheddinglightonthe"crowding–outeffect".rs,measuredbyactualoutput,theoutputstimulati(whichreferstotheexternalsourcesoffinanceobtainedbynon-financialbusinessesfromdomesticfinancialinstitutionsandmarkets,includingCNYloans,foreigncurrencyloans,entrustloans,discountbankacceptance,stockfinancing,bondfinancingandrelevantitems)andnewlyincreasedmonetarycredithavegrownrapidly,yetindicatorsreflectingeconomicgrowth(especiallydomesticdemand)~2008,,,(whichreferstothetimesofmoneycirculationwithinagivenperiod,generallyoneyear,weighedbythemeanvalueofGDP/currentM2),~2008,,duetotheoverlyeasymonetarypolicycarriedoutin2009,aswellasthedecreaseofthemonetaryoutputefficiency,thevelocityofmoneycirculationdroppedagainin2009and2012,,,thespeedofthemoneyincreasestillsurpassedthenominalspeedofGDPincrease,andtheratiocontinuestodecrease.

CuiXiaoliResearchReportNo95,2000China’spolicyforgrainsecurityisdesignedasonesetofoperationmechanismwithdualobjectives:ontheonehand,thegovernmenttriestostabilizegrains,thegovernmenthastointervenecomprehensivelyinthepurchase,marketing,“two-in-one”wayindealingwiththegrainproblemcandirectlyguaranteetheincomeofthegraingrowe,,marketing,allocationandstorageofgrainrepresenthighlydispersedbusinessactivitiesinspace,time,organizationandhumanpowerandcallformassivesupportinfund,nedsystem,whichwastotallyclosed,intheperiodofplannedpurchaseandmarketing,whichmeantthatnobodyenjoyedindependenceingrainproduction,,thecoreissueofthereformintheareaofgrainwashowtoensuretheeffectivenessofgrainpurchase,marketing,allocationandstoragewhileca,thegovernmentca,itwillencountertheproblemsofheavyfinancialburdens,exp,itmaynotbeapermanentsolutionforalongtimetoprotectagricultureandtheinterestsoffarmers,Chinai,wemissedduringtheplannedeconomyperiodthebesttimefordevelopinglabor-intensiveindustries,soChinamusttakeintofullconsiderationtheproblemofcostinitsindustrializationprocessatthepresenthigh-techtimewhencapital-inten,theissueiswhetherthepolicyofdualobjectiveswithonesetofmechaation,intrinsicrationalityshouldexistintheeffortofbindingthepolicyofgrainode:the“two-in-one”mannercanoperatewhenthegovernmentpoliticallyoverpricestheobjectiveofthefarmers’onditionsoftheformerhavechanged,therefore,turn“combiningtwointoone”into“dividingoneintotwo”.Grainsecurityhasremainedaproblemsinceancienttimesjustasthesayingthat“foodisthefirstnecessityofthepeople”.Recordsinancientdocumentssuchas“callforparticipationinagriculture”,“cherishgrain”,“payattentiontopeasants”,“storageofgrain”,“fairstandard”,“neglectofpolitics”,“permanentbalanceofprice”and“containstorageofgrain”,allrepres,hencetheexpression“storegraineverywhere”.,reachingabout33percent,thusthesaying“onethirdoftheyieldissurplusgrainforreserve”.Ofcourse,,the“fairstandard”systemofthet,,’straditionalagricultu,itsimpactontheeconomicstructureintheurban-ruralrelationshipwouldnotbeverygreat,’shistoryandeventothemoderntimes,thegrowthofthetotalgrainoutputhasalwaysbeenassociatedwiththelevelofthepopulationgrowth....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByYeXingqing,ZhangYunhuaWuZhenjun,,2015Thetradingmarketsrtherighttousetheircontractedland,especiallyaftertherestructuringoftownshipenterprisesinthemid-1990s,invisiblemarketisthemainchanneltotransfercontractedland,,thereonceeme,China’sfirstforestfactormarketwassetupinYongan,,thefirstcomprehensiv,landtransferservicecentershavebeenestablishedinover13000villages(towns)andmorethan800counties(cities).Andthereareover1200servicecentersforforest’smore,agroupofcomprehensiveexchanges,representedbyruralpropertyrightexchangesinChengdu,ChongqingandWuhan,yrightexchangewasformallyfoundedinChengduinOctober2008,otherexchanges,includingChongqingRuralLandExchange,WuhanComprehensiveRuralEquityExchange,ShanghaiAgricultureEquityExchange,etc,,comprehensivetradingmarketsforruralpropertyrighttransferhavebeenestablishedinsuccessioninmanyareas,suchasZhejiang,Jiangsu,Yunnan,Tianjin,Shandong,Guangxi,Shanxi,,WuhanComprehensiveRuralEquityExchange,establishedintheearlydays,hasregisteredcapitalofonly1millionyuan,whileruralpropertyexchangesinChengdu,Hangzhou,,theregisteredcapitalofChongqingRuralLandExchangereaches50millio,oneachruralpropertyrighttradingmarket,avarietyofpropertyrights,rangingfromtherighttocontractedlandmanagementandtherighttouseruralcollectiveconstructionland,toruralhousingandequityofruralcollectiveeconomicorganizations,facilitiesforagriculturalproductionsuchasagriculturalmachineryandfisheryvessels,ctualpropertyright,ownershipofagriculturalproducts(livestockandpoultry),andoptionsofagriculturalproducts,angewhilethereareovertentypesattheexchangeslikeKunmarepublicwelfarelegalentities,suchasChongqingRuralLandExchange,whichisfundedbyChongqingMunicipenterprisewithlegalpersonstatusundertakingthefunctionofestablishingtradingplatformsatcity,district,,however,,ChengduAgricultureEquityExchangeisjointlyestablishedasalimitedliabilitycompanybytheBureauofLandandResourcesofChengdu,theBureauofHousingManagementofChengdu,theBureauofParksandWoodsandpublicinstitutionssubordinatetoChengduMunicipalAgricultureCommittee,contributing50%,25%,%%ofcapital,enterprisewithlegalpersonstatusaimingatbuildingaunifiedcommunicationnetworkforruralpropert,BeijingRuralAreaEquityExchange,withtheboardofsupervisorsandexecutivedirectorssetundertheboardofshareholders,isfundedbyBeijingAgriculturalInvestmentCo.,Ltdandhassetupbranchesin14agriculturaldistrictsandcountiestoimproveinformationcollection,,asawhollystate-ownedcorporateenterprisewiththeboardofdirectors,boardofsupervisorsandmanyotherfunctionaldepartmentsundertheboardofshareholders,isfundedjointlybyTianjinMunicipalAgriculturalCommittee,People’,WenzhouRuralEquityExchange,asolelystate-ownedcompany,specializesinruralpropertytradingbybuildingamarketsystematthecity,eptWuhanComprehensiveRuralEquityExchangeandShanghaiAgricultureEquityExchangewhichprovideservicesfo,BeijingRuralAreaEquityExchangeisr,ChengduAgricultureEquityExchangemainlyprovidesserviceswithinthecityandothertypesofpropertywithrelativelycompleterights,suchasagriculturalmachinery,,itsmaintaskistobuildau,EzhouComprehensiveAgricultureEquityExchangeinHubeiProvince,HangzhouEquityExchange,GuangzhouAgriculturalEquityExchange,,tradingmarketsforruralpropertyrighttransferhaveplayedace,ChengduAgricultureEquityExchangehascompleted,bytheendofMarch2014,,WuhanComprehensiveRuralEquityExchang,600mu().,cooperatives,majorplantingandbreedinghouseholdswiththehighestsingleamountreaching55millionyuan....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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ByWangHaiqinChengHuiqiang,ResearchTeamon"ChinasMonitoringSystemforEnvironment"ofResearchInstituteofResourcesandenvironmentPolicesofDRCResearchReportNo143,2014(Total4642)Duringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,China,thetasktoimproveChina,themonitoringdatawillfocusmoreonearlywarningagainstsevereairpollution,evaluatingtheimpactofairpollutiononhumanhealth,uirementsforimprovingthequalityofgovernmentmonitoringsystemforambientairqualityThecurrentmanagementsystemforenvironmentmonitoringinChinaischaracterizedbythefactthat"monitoringismainlyconductedbylocalauthoritiessupplementedwiththeprofessionalguidancefromthecentralgovernmentandmonitoringismainlyconductedbygovernmentmonitoringcenterssupplementedwithmarketplayers."However,withthefurtherdevelopmentofecologicalcivilization,the,,itiscommonfortheadministrationtointerfereinthemonitoringdata,whichproduc,keytechniciansinsomelocalenvironmentmonitoringcentersleavefromtheirpostsonebyoneandtlemmawher,theEnvironmentalProtectionLawamendedin2014stipulatesthattheheadsofmonitoringcentersaretoberesponsibleforthequ,itisthelocalgovernmentsthatdecidefundallocation,andtheappoin,equipment,and,theaveragenumberofstaffinthemonitoringce,thelocalenvironmentalmonitoringcenters,especiallythoselocatedinmid-westareas,arefacingmoreandmorestrikingproblems,,thesubsidiesfromthecentralgovernmentforambientairqualitymonitoringreaches15%to25%ofthetotalcost,deas,theenvironmentalmonitoringcentersinmid-westregionsareunwillingtointroducemonitoriingcenters,non-governmentalforcescantconductmonitoringbusinessatwillintheenvironmentalmonitoringdomains,airqualityinChinaToreducethenegativeimpactofthecurrentmonitoringsystemontheambientairqualitymonitoringnetwork,duringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,aseriesofreformsontheambientairquh,inordertostrengthenthecentralgovernmentssupervisiononthequalityoflocalmonitoringdata,378outof1436nationallysupervisedambientairqualitymonitromlocaltoChinasNationalEnvironmentalMonitoringCenter,,,topromotetheregionaljointpreventionandcontrolofairpollution,duringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,65newlybuiltregionalambientairqualitrquality,someprovinceshaveshiftedtheambientairqua,themonitoringfunctionof144ambientairqualitymonitoringpointsinShandongProvinceweretransferredfromthelocalenvironmentalcenterstoShandongEnvironmentalInformationandMonitoringCe,,theLocalenvironmentalmonitoringcentersarguethiscanhelptoalleviatelocalgovernmentssestheadministrativeinterventionfromlowergovernments,ensuringthecomparabilityandfairnessofthemonitorinngthemodelofgovernment"TrustManagement"businessdevelopsrapidlyandgovernmentsshouldpa"TrustManagement"marketmodelmeansthatgovernmentsonlyoutsourcetheoperationandmaintenanceserviceofmonitoringequipmenttothethirdparty,butst,governmentspurchasedatapartiallyfr,swhoseoperationandmanagementhasbeentakenbackbythecentralgovernmentandsomeprovincialones.

ag国际馆CQ9武圣XiongXianliangTherestructuringofthecentralgovernmentin1998playedapositiveroleinstraisestheyrun,someministrieswerecancelledormergedandthenewlyestablishedadministrations(statebureaus),nowtherestillexistintherelationshipbetweengovernmentdepartmentsandthestate-ownedenterprises(SOE)widespreadproblemswhichimpedtheSOEsfrombecomingthemainbodyinmarketcompetition,thatis,enterpriseswith"clearownershiprights,explicitrightsandresponsibilities,separationofthegovernmentfromtheenterpriseandscientificmanagement."Intheoverallsubjectofdisconnectingtheenterprisesfromthegovernment,,toseparategovernmentfun,onthebasisofthedisconnection,tostandardizethebehavioroftheadministrativebodiesatvariouslevelsandimprovet,theproblemswhichhavebeensolvedorarebeingsolvedinthegovernmentrestructuringfallintothesphereofthefirstjob.(Seepart4ofthisreport"ImprovetheExercisingCapitalOwnershipandEstablishUnifiedOwnershipRepresentingBodies".)Nowitisimperativetosettlethefollowingproblemsconcerningthesecondjob:trativebodiesnolongerinterferingintheenterprisemicrodecisionmakingonpersonnel,finance,assets,production,,thegovernmentwasomnipotent,,butalsointervenedinmanyaspectsoernalaffairsofenterprises,whichhavebecometheindependentmainbodyofthemarketaftertheformationofspecializedstateassetm,somegovernmentorganizationalorpersonneldepartments,togetherwithrelated"appropriatedepartmentsincharge",assess,appointorremoveleadingenterpriseleaders;someplanningdepartmentsstillexamineandapprovecapitalconstructioninvestmentofenterprises;someeconomicandtradedepartmentsexamineandapprovetechnologicalrenovationprojects;somefinancialandauditingdepartmentsappraiseenterprisefinanceandmakedecisionsofpuniionsoftheadministrativedepartments,,enterpriseexecutivescannotbeexpectedtobtsmannerofworkwhileadjustingthecompo,suchasdirectiontoenterprisedailyoperations,evaluationofenterpriseperformancesandtheirmanagers,shouldbecarriedoutbysupportingorganizations(commonlyknownasintermediateorganizations),suchaslawoffices,accountant(auditing)offices,consultantcompanies,creditratinginstitutesandselfmanagedtradeorgan,widelypresentinthecountriespracticingthemarketeconomyasnon-governmentalprovidersofserviceneededbyenterprises,mlininggovernmentinstitutionsandstafftoensurethequalityandqu,publicservicesprovidedbythegovernmentsuchasnationaldefense,foreignaffairs,judicature,publicsecurity,firefighting,post,,thereismisunderstandingamongsomepeopleontheimplicationofthegovernment’"vacuum"insomepublicserviceareas.(1).Enterpriseswith-outahigherauthorityinchargehaveemergedinlargenumbers,theyhavecaused"blankpoints",mostresidentsbelongedtocertainunitswhichwould,whichcameintoexistenceinthecourseofreform,donottakecareofsuchbusiness,resultingintheinconveniencefortheresidents.(2).Themisappropriationanddiversionoffinancialspendingtootherareashavediminishedthefinancialresourcessupportingpublicservices,cuttingdownpublicservices,loweringtheirqualityandworseningtheenvironmentforinvestmentandpeople’sdailylife.(3).Thepartofpublicservicesinbasiceducation,healthcareandpublicfacilitie,theservicelevelinthisregardhasgonedownandtheenterprisesfindithardtogetridoftheheavyburdenof"enterprisesrunningthesociety."Thefundamentalsolutionis:toclearlydefinetheresponsibilityofthecentralgovernmentandthelocalgovernmentsatalllevelsinpu,theestablishmentofnongovernmentalandnonprofitableorganizationsshouldbeencouragedtoundertak,regardingsome"quasipublicgoods"whoseutilizationobjectscanbeascertained,theyshouldbemanagedasmuchaspossibleinthewayofenterpriseoperationsoastomeetthesocialdemand.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,Chinahasmadesignificantprogresstowardsfinancialsectorderegulationvialiberalizingbanklendingrates,expandingtheQFIIquota,increasingtheflexibilityoftheexchangerate,,includingbanklendingratesandexchangerates,arenowclosermarketequilibriums,andmarketm,Chinatructuralimbalancesduetooverregulations,Chinaneedsto:1)removecontrolsondepositrates;2)furtherincreasetheRMBsexchangerateflexibility;3)furtheropenupitscapitalaccount;and4)liberalizemarketaccesstothefinancialindustrybyremovingexcessiveandhavebeenwrittenintothethirdplenums"Decision",themostchallengingquestionishowtodesignthespecificreformprogramstbeonhighalertincludethefollowing,manyofwhichreflectlegacyissuesoftheoldsystem:,Chinaslocalgovernmentdebthasrisenquicklyinrecentyearstoabout32%,however,isthematuritymismatchbetweenlocalgovernmentliabilities(mostlyintheformofloansandtrustloans),thematurityofatypicalbankloanortrustloanis2-3years,whiletheprojectcashflowswillonlhtening,changeinprudentialregulationsonbanksandtrustcompanies,aswellasdeteriorationininvestorsentimentforwealthmanagementproducts(WMPs).InWesterncountries,theaveragematurityoflocalgovernmentdebtis7-10years,whichismuchclo,therewerenofailuresofbanksandtrustcompanies,andtherewereveryfewdefaultsofhighlyrisky(withriskssimilartojunkbondsinwesterncountries),trustcompaniesandWMPsareexceptionallystrong,butbecausemostofthesepoliticalsystemthatpenalieesofallbanks,trustcompaniesandWMPsleadtoincorrectpricingofcreditproductsissuedbysomeveryriskyborrowers,,,htsteptowardscorrectingthemispricing,,Chinasinterbankratesbecameveryvol,ahighvolatilityofinterestratestendstoconfusefinancialmarketparticipantsandcompaniesastowhatthemonetarypolicyintentionis,,asuddenspikeininterbankratescouldexacerbatethedurationriskf:theyhavedotowiththelackofcapacityinforecastingliquidity,lackofinter-governmentalcollaboration,theloan-to-depositratio,imprudentliquiditymanagementbybanks,shadowbankingactivities,aswellast,cross-bordercapitalflowsremainmanageableasformalcontrolsonQFIIandQDIIquotasremain,,assoonasthecapitalaccountisopen(,theQFIIandQDIIsystemsareabolished),large-scalecapitalinflowsand/oroutflowscouldleadtoexcessivevolatilityoftheexchangerate,destabilizethefinancialsystems,anddamagetherealeco"managedfloatingexchangerateregime",thevolatilityoftheRMB//7thatofMalaysianRinggit,1/13thatofKoreanwon,and1/,massiveinflowscouldresultifChinasbondmarketisopenedtoglobalinvestorsgiventhe2-3%interestratedifferentialbetweenChina)needtomovetowardsamoreliberalizationfinancialsystemsothattoimproveefficiency,and2)theneedtocontainanddefusetheabovementionedfinancialrisks,Chinats,alongwiththeplanedreformssuchasdepositratederegulationandcapitalaccountliberalization:,webelievethatakeyriskfacingthefinancialsystemistheexcessiverelianceoflocalgket,whichwillgraduallyreplaceloansandtrustloans,localgovernmentbondswithlongermaturitiesshouldaccountformorethan50%ofthefinancingsourcesforlocalgovernmentcapex(itisonly10%inChina).Tostartthereformprogram,Chinashouldmodifyitsbudgetlawtoallowindependentissuanceoflocalgovernmentbonds,establishacrediblecreditratingsystemforlocalgovernmentbonds,requirelocalgovernmentstopublishtheirbalancesheetsandmedium-termfinancialprojections,andestablishalegalframeworktoregulatetheapprovalprocedurebylocalpeople"manageddefaults".InaneconomyasbigasChina,afewfailuresofsmallbanksandafewdozendefaultsbyjunkbonds(orWMPs)peryearshouldbenormaland,indeed,,webelievethatregulatorsshouldpermitafewmoredefaultsofnon-standardWMPsintheremainderofthisyear,withsomemodestincreasesinthehaircut(fromthe7%haircutfortheCCTproduct)to,,10-20%.Theseeventsof"manageddefaults"maypotentiallypushupthefundingcostsby100-200bpsforhighlyriskyborrowers,buttheyarenecessaryforcontainingtheexcessiveborrowingviathetrustsector–bypricingoutsomeworstborrowers--andreducingsystemicrisks.

波音手机版下载ChenXiaohongⅠ.Theproblemofabsencefromthepforwar,governmentfunctionshavebeenseparatedfromcapitalmanagement,whichmeansthattheindustrialadministrativedepartment,thepastsimplepracticeofdecentralizationhasbeenchangedand,inaccordancewiththeprinciplesofestablishingownershipdiscipline,theCommissionofSpecialInspectorsundertheStateCouncilhavedispatchedspeciali,thePartyWorkingCommitteeforLargeEnterpriseshasbeenestablishedtobeinchargeoftheappointment,theauditconductedbythefirstgroupofspecialinspectorsdiscoveredseriousproblemsinmanyenterprises,,abatchouaranteediftheownersfailtoexerciseconstantsupervisionoverthemanagersthroughtheint,inmostsolelystate-ownedenterprisesorstateholdingcompanies,theproblemof"bossabsence",namelytheownershiprepresentationwithinenterprisesisnotclearly-defined,isyettobethoroughlysolved.Ⅱ.TheexistingsystemanditsshortcomingsOneoftheindispensableconditionsforthesmoothoperationsofanenttingrightsandtheownersdonotdirectlyinterfereintheenterprisesday-to-dayoperatingdecisionmakingunderthemodernenterprisesystem,theownersofthecorporation,namelytheshareholders,(ortheresiduecontrolright)ismainlymanifestedintheirvotingrightsatthegeneralmeetingofshareholdersovertheappointmentofthedirectorsandsupervisors,overprofitdistributionandoverdecisionsonothermajormatters;theirrightstomakedecisionontheauthorizedpowersoftheboardofdirectorsandth,throughtheboardofdirectors,exercisetheirwhole-processsupervisionandcontrolovertheenterprisesoperationsandgivestimulalizedthatinthereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,notonlythegovernmentfunctionsshouldbeseparatedfromenterprisem,firstofall,thattherepresentingbodyofthestatecapitalownership(equityrights),however,thefunctionsofthecapitalownershiprepresentingbodiesinthesolelystate-ownedenterprisesandthestateholdingcompaniesar,thePartyWorkingCommitteeforLargeEnterprisesappointanddismissthepartycommitteesecretaries,ancialauditontheenterprises,andtheMinistryofPersonnelandtheMinistryofLaborcontrolthelaborandwagesoftheenterprises,AstheStateEconomicandTradeCommissionisinchargeofthereform,transformation,reorganizationandstrengthenedmanagementoftheenterprises,theCommissionalsoperformssomeofthepowersandfunctionsoftheowners(forexample,theCommissionhasadepartmentofenterprisesupervision,andthetransformationofthestate-ownedenterprisesintojoint-stockcompanieshastobeapprovedbytheCommissionandtheauditreportsmustalsobesubmittedtotheCommission).Theproblemsarisingfromthiskindofsystemareasfollows:,therighttodisposeassets,therighttotheprofitsandtherighttoappointseniormanagers,nderstherightofownershiptoanemptyshell,Thepartialpowersandfunctionsoftheownersperformedbyeachdepartmentactuallybecomethedepartmentsownpowersandfunctionsandservethedepartmentsownobjectives,themanagerswhoareentrustedtomanagecorporatepropertiesareunabletoexercisetheentrustedrightsinauninedtoex"solidatthebottom"and"emptyonthetop"."Beingsolidatthebottom"herereferstothefactthattheaudittasksaresolidandinvolvehugeworkloadsandthatthenumberoftheenterprisesthatneedtobeauditedisconstantlyincreasing."Beingemptyonthetop"referstothefactthattheCommissionofSpecialInspectorsisindependentfromotherbodiesthatexercisetheownerspowersandfun,theauditreportsmustbesubmittedtotheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,buttherightsandresponsibilitiesoftheStateEconomicandTradeCommiss,thepracticethatthestatedirectlydispat,,thepracticethatthegovernmentdispatchesspecialinspectorswillbeinconflictwiththeprinciplesytorepresentthestatecapital,,statecapitalrepresentationbeingassumedbytheleadin,morethan4,000industrialenterprisesaredirectlycontrolledbythecentralgovernment,ofthemmorethan600beinhtthattheyareunabletohearthereportsofallthefunctionaldepartmentsseparatelyperformingtheowner,thegovernstems,theownerspowersandresponsibilitiesofthestatecapitalareperformed,withoutexception,byspecificbodiesinaunifiedmanner(forexample,theexistingTreasuryMinistryortheearlierStateParticipationMinistryinItaly,andtheBoardDirectorAppointmentCommitteeintheSingaporeCabinet).Inshort,theownershiprepresentingbodiesofthestatecapitalinthestate-ownedenterprisesusedtobethecompetentadministrativ,thecompetentdepartmentsdidplaya"funnel"roleandcouldsendthedecisionsofdifferentfunctionalministriesandcommissionsdowlemof"minglinggovernmentfunctionswithcapitalmanagement""funnel"roleofthecompetentdepartmentsincoordinatingdifferentministriesandcommissionswasabolished,theenterprisesnowhavetodirectlyoopholesfortheenterprisestoavoidthesupervisionandcontroloftheowners.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,2015I.“NewNormal”MeansChina’sEconomyHasReachedaHigherStageintheCatch-upProcessIn2014,China’sGDP,calculatedbyannualaverageexchangerate,,oroverUS$10trillion,,duetothehigh-speedgrowthdrivenbylate-developingadvantages,Chinarealizedindustrialization,,however,itisimpossibletosustainrapidgrowthfor,majorchangeshavetakenplaceintheenvironmentandconditionsforChina’,suchaseconomicslowdown,andacceleratedstructuraladjustments,China’seconomicdevelopmenthasenteredatransitionalstagemarkedby“newnormal”.Suchtransitioniscommonlopi,inessence,thatChina’,ateachstageofthecatch-upprocess,havedifferentlate-developingadvantagesandgrowthpotential,resultingindifferenteconomicgrowthrates,’seconomicperformance,wecand,drivenbysystemreformorexternalenvironment,late-developingeconomies,,therearehuge,itiseasyforenterprisesto,thedeman,rapidoptimizationandupgradingarewitnessedinthestructuresofindustry,consumption,urbanandruralsocieties,’,thedemandsforinfrastructure,residents’oftenseenattheearlystagesduetotheincreaseindifficultyandcostofintroducingadvancedequipmentandg,growthdecelerationisthephenomenonandtheeffect,,late-developingcountriesfurtherclosethegapofpercapitaGDPwiththeadva,,makegreatprofitsandreleasethepressureofrisingcostsbycreatingbrand-newproducts,ages,’seconomicdevelopmententersintothenewnormalstate,meaningChina’seconomyshiftsfromhigh-speedgrowthfeaturedbyexpansionintwosessionsoftheNationalPeople’sCongressandtheChinesePoliticalConsultativeConference(NPCandCPPCC)closednotlongagothisyear,theChinesegovernmentsetthegrowthtargetfor2015atabout7%,,ratherthantheperiodicfluctuationcommonlyseen,,therearestillmultiplefavorableconditionsforChina’,withrespecttopercapitaGDP,thefigureinChinaisonlytwo-thirdsoftheglobalaverage,conomicgrowthandcontinuouslyraisepeople’,,’smore,260millionmigrantworkersneed,,withsome7millionuniversitygraduateseveryyear,goodinfrastructureandstrongabilityofintegratingandcoordinatingdifferentindustries,Chinaisenhancingitsinnovationabilityintheareassuchasaerospace,biology,newenergyandinformationtechnology,ceforeconomicgrowth.YuBin,ChenHuai,ZhangLiqunExpandingdomesticdemandisanimportantmeasuretoalleviatethecurrenteconomicdifficultiesaswellasastrategicchna,seconomicdevelopmentThestructuralover-capacityandtheinadequatedem,thetotalvolumeoftotalconsumergoodsretailsalesandthein,urbanandruralhouseholdsdepositbalancehasfurthergrown,andthegapbetweenthebanks,Chinasexportshavealsodeclinedwhileimportshavegrowndrastically,,thecountryscommodityretailsalepricesandthehouseholdsconsumptionpriceindexhgmoreandmoredifficultiesinoperation,,whichhaveseensomeinitialeffect,ofindustrialization,rmationandthechangesoftheexternaleconomicenvironment,therootcause,in,,theformer,,’livingconditionshavebecomefairlywell-off,buttheproductionstructurehasnotbeenupgradedintime,,dis-(MPC)ofthehigh-incomestratumisfairlylowwhilethepotentialdemandofthelow-incomestratumc,dis-coor–techgoodshasledtoovercapacityinordinar,thestockresourcescanbehardlytraded,,dis-coordinationbetweenforeititiveagainstforeignrivals,,,thelowebboftheeconomiccycle,theincreaseofunemploymentandtheimperfectionofthesocialsecuritysystem--allthesehaveintensifiedthehouseholdsexpectationofincomeslowing-downandexpenditureincrease,,theabove-mentionedproblemsareallrelateintofthesupplysidetothatofthedemandside,expandingdemand,especiallydomesticdemand,hasbecomeabasicproceedingpointforChinaply,whichisanimpo,opening-upisbehindthegreatachievementsofthecountryicandforeignmarketsandthetwokindsofresourcesarethei,eco,exceptafewsmallcountrieswithuniqueconditions,havemaintainedtheireckeystomaintainingasustainable,n,iletheincreaseo,prospectsforexpansionarebright,ationandthemid-andlong-termdevelopmenttrend,Chinasexpansionofinvestmentdemandcountsonthefollowingaspects:,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,,inves,thegrowthofinvestmentdem,themineshutdownsinthecoalindustryandtheoutputlimitationintheironandsteelindustryaregovernmentalcompulsoryshrinkagemeasuresinthelightoftheirhigh-cost,low-techandunmarketableproducts,thenitisthemarketforcethathasbeenpushingforwardtherapiddevelopmentofcomputers,networks,,dte,’sentryintoWTO,w,entstrategy,weshoulddevelopresource-savingand“clean”,,basiccomponentsandbasicmaterials,thatis,weshouldtrytoimproveourowncapacityonthebaseofabsorbinganddigestingfor,,cars,tourism,entertainmentandothernewtypesofconsumptionaswellasinsurance,educationandinformationservices,willbecomenewhotspotsforinvestment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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